Medical oncology is the ongoing evaluation and management of cancer patients through the treatment of their malignancies with chemotherapy agents and other drugs.
The medical oncology team consists of medical oncologists, nurse practitioners, oncology nurses, and other oncology trained staff. This team plays a major role in your cancer care. They will assist you with side effects you may experience during chemotherapy treatments, offer medical guidance, and help you make decisions throughout your treatment.
Chemotherapy is a common form of cancer treatment. It is most often used along with taking medicines or drugs to treat cancer. You may take these drugs before or after surgery, with radiation treatment, or you may take the drugs by themselves. Chemotherapy drugs may be taken in a pill form, a shot, or given intravenously. You may take chemotherapy once a day, once a week, or even once a month. This depends on the type of cancer you have and the chemotherapy you are taking. How long you take chemotherapy also depends on the type of cancer, and what length of time research has shown produces the best treatment results.